ASCO 2019, CHICAGO – Pivotal Phase 3 ICARIA-MM trial results demonstrated that isatuximab added to pomalidomide and dexamethasone (isatuximab combination therapy) showed statistically significant improvements compared to pomalidomide and dexamethasone (pom-dex) alone in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM).
These findings were presented at the 2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting in Chicago. Isatuximab is an investigational monoclonal antibody that targets a specific epitope on the CD38 receptor of a plasma cell.
“Isatuximab in combination with pomalidomide and dexamethasone resulted in an impressive 40% reduction in the risk of progression or death compared to pomalidomide and dexamethasone alone,” said Paul Richardson, MD, principal investigator and clinical program leader and director of clinical research at the Jerome Lipper Multiple Myeloma Center at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. “This outcome is noteworthy because this trial included a particularly difficult-to-treat, relapsed and refractory patient population that was, in my view, highly reflective of real-world practice.”
Isatuximab combination therapy showed a statistically significant improvement in progression free survival (HR 0.596, 95% CI 0.44-0.81, p=0.001), and the median progression free survival was longer in the isatuximab combination therapy arm (11.53 months, 95% CI: 8.936 to 13.897) than pom-dex alone (6.47 months, 95% CI: 4.468 to 8.279).
Also of note, isatuximab combination therapy demonstrated a significantly greater overall response rate, compared to pom-dex alone (60% vs. 35%, p<0.0001). In additional analyses, isatuximab combination therapy compared to pom-dex alone showed a treatment benefit consistent across multiple subgroups, including patients 75 years and older, patients with renal insufficiency, and patients who were refractory to lenalidomide. The results presented above were based on an independent review committee assessment.
In addition, the following results favored isatuximab combination therapy:
- Isatuximab combination therapy demonstrated significantly higher very good partial response (VGPR) rate compared to pom-dex (31.8% vs. 8.5%, respectively, p<0.0001) and a longer duration of response compared to pom-dex alone (median 13.27 months vs. 11.07 months, respectively). Among patients who achieved a response, isatuximab combination therapy demonstrated faster median time to first response compared to pom-dex alone (35 days vs. 58 days, respectively).
- Time to next treatment was longer with isatuximab combination therapy compared to pom-dex alone (median not reached vs. 9.1 months, HR=0.538).
- Data at the time of analysis showed a trend towards an overall survival benefit associated with isatuximab combination therapy. Final data on overall survival will be reported when available.
Adverse events (AEs) of Grade ≥3 were observed in 86.8% of isatuximab combination therapy patients vs. 70.5% of pom-dex patients. Additionally, isatuximab combination therapy compared to pom-dex showed: 7.2% vs. 12.8% of patients discontinued due to AEs, respectively; 7.9% vs. 9.4% patients died due to AEs, respectively; infections of Grade ≥3 were seen in 42.8% vs. 30.2% of patients, respectively; and Grade ≥3 neutropenia was seen in 84.9% (febrile 11.8%) vs. 70.1% (febrile 2.0%) of patients, respectively. Infusion reactions were reported in 38.2% (2.6% grade 3-4) of isatuximab combination therapy patients.
First positive phase 3 trial of a monoclonal antibody in combination with pom-dex
ICARIA-MM is a pivotal Phase 3 randomized, open-label, multi-center trial evaluating isatuximab in combination with pom-dex versus pom-dex alone in patients with RRMM. The study enrolled 307 patients with RRMM across 96 centers spanning 24 countries. Overall, patients had received a median of three prior lines of anti-myeloma therapies, including at least two consecutive cycles of lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor given alone or in combination.
During the trial, isatuximab was administered through an intravenous infusion at a dose of 10mg/kg once weekly for four weeks, then every other week for 28-day cycles in combination with standard doses of pom-dex for the duration of treatment.